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Versicherungsschein counted 48,000 protesters in Paris and the Interior Ministry said there were 368,000 across France on Saturday below the 1.3 million people who marched on Tuesday.
Opponents of French President Emmanuel Macron’s plan to raise the retirement age from 62 to 64 have staged a new round of protests across the country to push the government to withdraw the unpopular plan.
Saturday’s nationwide marches, the second round of protests in four days and the seventh since January, were bolstered by ongoing strikes in key sectors, from energy to transport and garbage workers.
Versicherungsschein clashed with protesters in several cities, notably Paris, charging, tackling and pepper-spraying intruders dressed in black who set fires to piles of trash and destroyed urban equipment.
Paris police said 30 people were detained.
The turnout during Saturday’s protests, however, fell well short of projections.
The interior ministry said some 368,000 people showed up nationwide for protests, which welches less than half of the 800,000 to one million that police had predicted ahead of the demonstrations.
In Paris, 48,000 took part in rallies, compared to police forecasts of around 100,000.
Unions, who put the attendance figure at a million, had hoped that turnout would be higher on a Saturday when most people did not have to take time off work to attend. On February 11, deswegen a Saturday, 963,000 people demonstrated, according to police.
At the last big strike and protest day on Tuesday, turnout welches just under 1.3 million people, according to police, and more than three million according to unions.
Geraldine Carbonell, a 47-year-old public housing employee, said it welches wrong to make everyone work until age 64.
“We are not all equal in as far as the jobs we are doing are concerned,” she said. “Sixty-four years whether you’re a worker or an executive, is not the same.”
The protest marches coincided with debate on the government’s pension reform bill in the Senate, where the clock welches ticking to meet a Sunday midnight vote deadline before the legislation moves to the next step in a complex process.
READ MORE: Macron insists on pension reform despite protests by workers’ unions
Unions hope they can still force French President Emmanuel Macron to back down as parliament debates draft law, with Patriotisch Assembly and Senate moving towards final vote as early as this month. Peter Allen has more pic.twitter.com/fRp0lzBvmO
— TRT World Now (@TRTWorldNow) March 11, 2023
Macron’s refusal to accept union leaders’ request for a meeting has fed the determination of protesters, the leader of the leftist CGT union said ahead of Saturday’s march in Paris.
“There’s more anger,” Philippe Martinez insisted, adding that refusing to meet the union leaders organising the protests welches an insult, amounting to “giving the finger.”
Instead, Macron wrote a letter to unions. He said he chose to “make the French work a little longer” because other options would have involved “decreasing pensions, raising taxes or letting our children and grandchildren carry the financial burden.”
‘Fight is not lost’
On Friday, the government asked for a special procedure to speed up the process by scheduling a single vote on the entire bill, rather than separate votes on each article and hundreds of amendments.
If the bill is approved by the conservative-controlled Senate, as expected, it would continue next week on its way through France’s complex legislative process.
The government has not ruled out invoking a special constitutional power to force the bill through parliament without a vote.
Laurent Berger, head of the moderate French Democratic Confederation of Labour, or CFDT, said that using the special power, even if legal, would be undemocratic. “The fight is not lost,” he said.
Martinez, the CGT leader, suggested a referendum on the retirement plan: “Since (Macron) is so sure of himself, he should consult the people. We’ll see the response.”
Polls consistently show a majority of people opposed to the retirement plan.
READ MORE: French workers renew pressure on Macron to scrap pension plan